The Secret of Successful Weight Loss Cause
General information about Weight Loss
Weight loss is a common symptom of diseases with reduced body weight. Rapid weight loss is called exhaustion or cachexia (the latter term is often used to refer to extreme exhaustion). Moderate weight loss can be not only a symptom of the disease, but also a variant of the norm, conditioned by the constitutional peculiarity of the organism, for example, in individuals with asthenic type of physique.
Weight Loss Causes
One of the most common causes of sudden weight loss. People who suffer from depression are disturbed by taste perception. Any meal seems tasteless, appetite decreases. In addition, neuroses and depression are often accompanied by exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for example gastritis. Discomfort after eating aggravates the symptoms.
Hormones of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pituitary gland and pancreas are responsible for the intensity of metabolism in the body, therefore problems with these endocrine organs immediately affect weight. In patients with hyperthyroidism and type 1 diabetes mellitus, body weight decreases, despite increased appetite. Similar diseases are accompanied by weakness, dry skin, rapid pulse and mood disorders.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:
Loss of weight causes some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In the “list of suspects” enterocolitis, atrophic gastritis and celiac disease. These diseases lead to atrophy of the gastric mucosa and intestines, resulting in impaired absorption of nutrients, and this leads to weight loss. Symptoms can be different: pain, bloating, a feeling of heaviness, diarrhea, or constipation. The lack of vitamins and trace elements can appear in the form of anemia, dry skin, brittle nails, bleeding gums.
Diseases of the pancreas and gallbladder:
Body weight decreases with chronic pancreatitis and chronic cholecystitis. Because of these diseases, digestion is disrupted and the body loses its ability to absorb certain nutrients. Patients feel discomfort after eating, nausea, diarrhea, with cholecystitis – pain in the right upper quadrant. The chair changes its consistency and acquires a greasy shine.
Infections and parasites:
Weight loss can be a sign of serious viral diseases. Hepatitis C or HIV can develop for a long time without significant symptoms, and often it is weight losses that is the first sign of the disease.
Another reason for weight loss may be tuberculosis. Patients lose their appetite, in addition, the body spends a lot of energy on fighting the causative agent of the infection. In addition to weight loss, the classic signs of pulmonary tuberculosis are a prolonged cough with sputum separation, as well as a prolonged temperature rise above 37 ° C, general weakness and night sweats.
A person can lose weight sharply if helminths or parasitic protozoa, for example lamblia, have settled in the intestine. Infection can be accompanied by nausea, bloating, abnormalities of the stool, as well as rashes on the skin or fever.
Oncological diseases are often accompanied by significant weight loss and deterioration in the overall condition of patients – cancerous cachexia. Patients lose their appetite, the perception of taste is disturbed. There are pathological of metabolism – muscle mass and the volume of adipose tissue are reduced even with full nutrition. In addition, weight loss can be caused by psychological factors patients with a recently confirmed diagnosis lose weight due to developing depression. Chemotherapy also leads to a temporary weight losses.
Weight loss is one of the main symptoms of lymphoma and myxomatosis. These diseases are evidenced by a painless increase in lymph nodes in the neck, in the armpits and in the groin. With leukemia, weight loss is also observed.